What can be a sweeter temptation to become a beekeeper than your very own homemade honey? For one, having your own colony pollinate your fruit and vegetable garden. According to Greenpeace, 90% of the nutritious food we eat needs pollinators to survive. And if we think beyond our own backyards, healthy bee numbers are incredibly important for food production – if the ecosystem is disturbed, the results could be catastrophic. So, what do you need to know if you’re thinking about donning the white suit?
Ask Doug Purdie. You could call Doug a beekeeping master. He tends to beehives perched over places like the restaurant Berta, agency Pollinate and Swissotel Sydney. We asked Doug to explain the difference between bees and pollinators and the importance of natural habitats. Doug’s tips show that no matter where you live, if you have a rooftop or courtyard space, you could have your very own honeypot.
Is ‘pollinator’ just another word for ‘bee’?
No! While bees are the most famous pollinators (Australia has 1,600 native species), other insects keep plants and flowers reproducing too, including wasps, flies, moths and butterflies. Even some cockroaches are pollinators.
Why are they important for the environment?
Pollinators are vital to our ecosystem. Pollination by insects is really important to our native flora like eucalypts, angophoras and tea trees – and anything that flowers. Bees especially are incredibly important for agriculture – one third of the human food supply comes from crops that are dependent on bees. Crops vary in how much they rely on pollination by bees. Some crop industries, such as cherries, apples, almonds, are almost entirely dependent on it.
I am thinking about becoming a bee keeper. What do I do?
- First up, learn about bees. It’s really important to understand the bees in order to manage a hive. Consider native bees. Buy a local book, consider attending a bee course or join a local club. A quick Google search should show you all the local clubs in your area.
- You don’t need council approval to own a bee hive in the City of Sydney, but you do need to register your hive with the NSW Department of Primary Industries. They also have handy guidelines to take a look at. It’s a good idea to obtain beekeepers insurance from your local bee club too.
- You’ll need bees and beekeeping equipment. There are stores in outer Sydney that can sell you everything. You can also source your bees by talking to beekeepers in your local club, who can assist with collecting a bee swarm.
- Save your pennies. Your basic bee setup will consist of a bee suit, gloves, smoker, hive tool and brush and, of course, a bee hive. You can expect this to all cost about $800 but it’s a one off cost.
- Choose a site. This is the hardest part. I wouldn’t recommend putting a beehive on your balcony in the city unless you had a bee keeper have a look first. You really want the hive away from passing people. Sometimes a rooftop works or a backyard no matter how small.
- Make sure your bees have water views. Once you have your hive set up, bees pretty much look after themselves. They find their own food, flying up to 8 kilometres from the hive to do so. But it’s your responsibility to provide a water source for them, so place them in close range to a bird bath or other structure.
- It’s harvest time! Check the hive about every three weeks during summer to harvest the honey and make space for the hive to grow. To understand how to harvest correctly, take a local course or research online before you try it yourself.
- Learn how to manage a swarm. As a beekeeper, a key thing to research is how to manage your hive to minimise swarming. This naturally occurs when the hive splits to make a second hive. The bee swarm contains about half the bees and the old queen – all heading off to look for a new home. On a positive note, bees are at their most passive when swarming as they have no home to defend.
I’m not ready! How can I find more info or just learn more about pollinators?
Come along to our pollinator walk in Sydney Park, bring your family to our kids’ pollinator workshop or attend our native bee habitat making workshop. 20 to 27 November is Australian Pollinator Week. This is a great place to find resources and events in your area. If all this seems too hard, you can support bees by growing bee-friendly plants, using less insecticide/having a chemical-free garden and buying local honey from a farmers market.